The primary or essential hypertension is one of the most common diseases known today. It is classified with regards to its degrees of severity. The high blood pressure (hypertension) is defined as diastolic blood pressure above 90 MM Hg which is probably:
||link to genetic predisposition
||or related to an increased salt retention and decreased rennin activity as the cause for the high prevalence and morbidity of hypertension
||or its relation to stress being related to lower socio-economic status
||or related to lower self-esteem.
What is the role and need of Chinese acupuncture in essential hypertension today?
The current conventional western treatment includes five kinds of drugs:
||Calcium channel blockers
It has been found that Alternative medicine, specifically acupuncture, has found its way into the treatment of hypertension for the following reasons:
||Acupuncture is non-drug treatment in cases of hypertension
||The pharmacological side effects of western medication and their ineffectiveness
||Life dependency of patients on current treatments.
The modalities of Chinese acupuncture treatment in hypertensive patients on drug therapy, may lead to lower dosages of medications and thereby a reducing side effects. In some cases, they could mean the elimination of drug therapy and remaining normotensive with no significant side effects.
The effectiveness of Acupuncture therapy in essential hypertension:
The Chinese acupuncturists conducted an experimental study on dogs and showed that acupuncture could control the blood pressure regulatory system. While other studies went further to show marked improvement in the blood pressure of patients who underwent auricular acupuncture and auriculopressure. In this study, 70 people showed how the Traditional Acupuncture therapy lowered their blood pressure significantly in 50% of the participants. Many other studies showed promising effects of acupuncture in the control of blood pressure with long term effects. In Chinese medicine, hypertension can be part of several different syndromes. Therefore, the treatment approach will vary according to the syndrome, not according to one specific sign; in this case hypertension.
In Chinese Medical Theory the treatment may vary slightly to take into account individual conditions, so that why it is important to remember that every patient is different in the eyes of Chinese Medicine Theory as the acupuncture treatment has to be different for different patients?
USEFUL WAYS TO KEEP THE BLOOD PRESSURE UNDER CONTROL:
Of all the risk factors for heart attack, high blood pressure maintains an uncanny degree of accuracy for predicting exactly who will get cardiovascular disease after age 65. It is known that about 70% of hypertensive patients have what is known as mild hypertension of a diastolic pressure that falls somewhere between 90-105 mm Hg. The emphasis is now being placed on non-drug therapy. The following ways below are designed to help those with hypertension attain good control over their condition:
1. WATCH YOUR WEIGHT
While there are many hypertensive patients who are not fat, obese people tend to have three times as much hypertension as people of normal weight. A scientific study showed that stout people with high blood pressure could achieve normal pressures by losing only half of their excess weight, even though they remain "considerably obese".
2. SHAKE THE SALT HABIT
The link between sodium and high blood pressure has never been proven beyond doubt. But what is known that a salt-sensitive subset of hypertensives probably exists, and you may be one of them. So keep the salt low, but do not count on it to do everything.
3. CUT DOWN ON ALCOHOL
Because the connection between alcohol consumption and high blood pressure has been well documented, people with hypertension should limit their alcohol consumption. Two drinks or fewer per week will probably have detrimental effect on blood pressure, but when you go beyond that, you are looking for trouble.
4. PASS THE POTASSIUM, PLEASE
Increased levels of this mineral may be valuable in helping control high blood pressure. It is believed that the total amount of potassium you consume is not as important as maintaining the correct sodium/potassium ratio in your diet. How do you know if you are getting enough? To calculate the ratio, you may need to read below THE DIET CONTROL IN HYPERTENSION.
5. MAKE THE CALCIUM CONNECTION
Calcium seems to have a favorable effect on some people and it appears that some of the salt-sensitive hypertensive patients respond well to calcium. So, if salt is bad for you, calcium is good for you.
6. TRY THE EXERCISES
Swimming, walking and bike riding are all good exercises for hypertensive patients. But, you do not have to run. The key thing is that it should be a brisk walk- a quarter mile in 4 minutes when you start, then later a full mile in about 15 minutes or less.
7. THINK VEGETARIAN
Studies have shown that vegetarians have low blood pressure than the general population - 10-15 mm Hg lower for both systolic and diastolic pressures. The strange thing, however, is that nobody knows exactly why.
8. BE A HAPPY PERSON
A scientific study has shown that happiness caused systolic blood pressure to drop, while anxiety caused diastolic pressure to rise. It has also found that blood pressure changes were directly related to emotional intensity and the anxiety experienced outside the home makes blood pressure increase significantly more than anxiety experienced inside the home. So the advice is: don't worry, be happy - but if you must worry, do it at home.
9. TRY TALKING LESS
While it is hardly surprising that arguing with your spouse or fighting with the boss can make blood pressure soar, research has shown that virtually any communication can put blood pressure on the rise. So, the advice is to avoid as much as you can any disturbed argument or hard discussion, which makes you angry or even slightly anxious.
DIET CONTROL AND HYPERTENSION
The nutritional approaches to assist the treatment of hypertension, include adoption of a low-sodium diet, weight reduction when necessary and cutting back on alcohol. Although there is no one diet to prevent or treat hypertension in everyone, experts recommend a number of dietary changes that may be of help:
A. LOWER THE BOOM ON CALORIES:
Weight loss has a beneficial effect on everyone's blood pressure, while only some people respond to reduced salt in the diet. Therefore, losing weight to lower blood pressure is recommended only for those who are 10% or more above their ideal weight.
B. SHAKE FREE OF SALT:
In many cases, reducing sodium in the diet will reduce blood pressure. Table salt is not our source of sodium. Sodium is widely used in preservatives, emulsifying agent and other chemicals used in food processing. Whether it is better to use a salt substitute or dispense with the white stuff altogether is something only you can decide. Salt substitutes get their salty flavor from potassium chloride rather than sodium chloride. Because potassium interacts with many medications, including some prescribed for hypertension, it is important to consult a physician before switching to a salt substitute. For many, salt substitute can be a good choice for cutting back on excess sodium in the diet.
C. GET ENOUGH POTASSIUM AND CALCIUM:
Potassium is an abundant in many fruits and vegetables, including potatoes, cantaloupe, raisins, and bananas. The major source of calcium is dairy products, so be careful. So many of our dietary sources of calcium are high in fat, and people with hypertension need to reduce their intake of total fat and saturated fat.
SAMPLES OF 3 MEALS:
Fresh yogurt and raspberries
Whole wheat pancakes with maple syrup
Cammomile tea or any herbal tea.
Minestrone soup Sliced turkey, lettuce and tomato on oatmeal bread Tossed salad (Romaine, lettuce, cauliflower, scallions and mushroom) with low-fat yogurt dressing.
One medium size piece of fish (grilled or steamed)
Steamed brown rice
Avocado Salad (avocado, mushrooms and onions)+fresh fruit cup (orange, bananas and apple).